In a resource management game, the main mechanic is for the player to collect resources that can be used to build things, upgrade, or accomplish the goals of the game.
The game mechanic Worker Placement or more precisely Action Drafting requires you select an action that is available to all players in a game. It is the most popular of the Euro-style games.
Dice rolling games has been around for centuries. Basically you roll dice and get results by chance. You have no control of the outcome. It's a random element of the game which makes it unpredictable and exciting.